To increase opportunities for productive employment and income generating activities for young women and men from disadvantaged groups of the cooperatives. SODCC, Parsa with the support of ILO, NEPAL have provided 300 cooperative members in Parsa district in various farm and off-farm activities in order to create employment and generate income particularly for the youth members (aged 15-29 as far as possible) focusing on women and other disadvantaged groups. Keeping with the low number of youth and educated members in various cooperatives (CO), attempts has been made to initiate the enrollment of new youth members (aged 15-29) targeting on women, Dalit, IPs and other disadvantaged groups and expand the overall membership base of the cooperatives
Out of School Program is focused to out of school children ages 8 to 14 years. OSP is Non formal packages which continue up to 10 month. Nualo Bihani book is used in this package and Key word approach is used for teaching and learning regularly 2 hours a day. Total 450 OSP center is conducted, total enrollment 10638 and 8985 Children are graduated. Beneficiary of the program were marginalized children from Dalit, back warded community, Muslim and those where more children are out of school.
Community base child development centre (CBCDC) program is focused on 3 to 5 years ages children. The major objective of the program was to make children ready before going to school through their holistic development. Different local materials are used and child friendly activities were initiated during the facilitation of the class. Total 82 community based center is initiated in Parsa district in support of UNICEF/SODCC Parsa through local NGOs. Initial 2 years support is provided by UNICEF and later with the concept of matching fund in support of local NGOs and community along with UNICEF; all 82 centers were self dependent and successfully operated in the leadership of CBCDC management committee. In the same way, during 2013/14, all 82 centers were mainstreamed into DEO ECD centers.
Context of the rural area of Nepal, Parents are not severe to care for the children and not aware about their rights. Parents are not playing their roles to encourage children enrolled in the schools, Participate to the child club and their activities. They are not promoting child to go to the ECD center to stimulate child development.
Thus PO/PE program is initiated to strengthen capacity of parents in Holistic development of child, child rights, importance of ECD centers, Parents behavior to children, importance of caring children in their primary stages of their ages, pregnancy test and. And a major objective is to enhance parent’s capacity and send children in ECD centers. Total 840 PE classes is initiated in Parsa district. PE package is of 45 days for 2 hours of class daily. Total beneficiary from the initiatives were 17049 in which female are 13513 and 3536 are male.
The major objective of DACAW program is the progressive realization of the rights of all children and women through support to the interlinked objectives of peace, reconciliation, and achievement of the MDG through four overarching strategies: 1) strengthening community access process 2) developing responsive local services 3) strengthening local governance and 4) strengthening the policy on and support to decentralization. And this will be achieved through convergence of interventions emphasizing the needs of marginalized groups and refocusing disadvantaged communities. The program is focused on 12 VDC of Parsa district and major area of work is as follows:
- Support to MDAG children/HHs, child club, women group formation and mobilization linking with respective networks.
- ECD Program, Parenting Education, Quality education program, Non Formal Education program (FSP, UOSP), Child Protection Activities.
- Local level planning process, Water and Sanitation, ODF, School Led Total Sanitation program, Welcome to school Campaign.
- 12 CAP VDCs have prepared CIB Board Update/ PRA tools such as social map, ven diagram, seasonal calendars, work load chart etc and used that on Community. CIB Board have contracted to established community level information system, support immunization coverage in low performing VDCs along with regular growth monitoring of U3 children in CAP settlements.
- DAG Parents Orientation focus on nutrition, Logistics support (CIB, PRA tools, health and other supplies) to all VDCs.
- Formation of VCC orientation and meetings, Support to DACAW coordinating Committees.
Social organization district coordination committee Parsa also involved supporting on the enrollment of the children in formal schools. NGOCC Parsa in support of UNICEF/DEO Parsa has prepared plan to increase enrollment of child in formal school through WTS program and implemented following activities.
- Data collection of outdoor children and prepare Social Map.
- SMC/PTA orientation.
- Parents Bhela and discussion.
- CMC/CM Bhela and orientation.
- Child club, Young Champion Group and media mobilization.
- School Teachers Orientation and mobilization.
In the same way, SODCC Parsa is regularly supporting DEO Parsa in WTS program each year through its internal resources and is organizing various meetings, rally, workshop to assist Government of Nepal’s ‘Education for all Programs” which intends to welcome out of school children in first month of every educational year.
Flexible Schooling Programme (FSP) is a condensed learning curriculum for children 8-14 years old, who are often economically poor/ and from socially disadvantaged groups in geographically remote areas. The curriculum includes basic numeracy, basic literacy, and life skills education. Through completion of this 3 years’ intensive course, children obtain the equivalent of Grade 5 education and can be admitted back to formal schooling
.In this process, Flexible School Program (FSP) was started during 2008/12. UNICEF Nepal have supported district education office, Parsa to address Out of School children situation by which 14 core VDC were identified on the basis of number of out of school children. With the technical support of NGOCC Parsa the program was implemented as per its guideline. During implementation of the program various activities is assigned as:
Total 30 FSP center is conducted, total enrollment 750 and 525 Children are graduated and have completed full cycle from FSP class
.Following activities were performed during intervention:
- District level consultation meeting on FSP and selection of VDC
- Local NGOs, supervisors and facilitator were selected as per TOR
- Community orientation and out of school children were identified and were enrolled in FSP classes through regular motivation to children and respective parents
- Place and venue identified, different training were provided to facilitators and supervisors
- Regular district level review meeting and monitoring is initiated
The purpose of the programme is to improve local governance for effective service delivery and citizen empowerment in 6 VDC of Parsa. It provides an overall framework for:
- Strengthening decentralization and devolution processes
- Improving local governance system to ensure effective delivery of basic services
- Empowering citizens, especially women, children and disadvantaged groups (DAGs) and their communities. During the project duration VDC level orientations conducted through social mobilization, social maps are prepared in all targeted areas to identified target group and then 6 CAC & 54 WCF are formed. The members of WCF &CAC are participated in VDC level meeting. Many kinds of awareness programs are conducted to them in result they are getting the services provided by the service provider.
Objective: The overall objective of this assignment is to implement social mobilization at the village/Municipality Wards through social mobilizers effectively. The specific objectives are
- To implement the social mobilization programme at the village/Ward following the approach and modality referred in LGCDP’s Social Mobilization Manual
- To develop capacity of social mobiliser and other village/Wards level stakeholders
- To provide technical backstopping to social mobilizers for implementing social mobilization effectively
- To improve the quality and effective delivery of social mobilization
- To improve monitoring and to assess the performance of social mobilizers
- To provide feed-back and suggestions to local bodies on social mobilization
It is instinctive right of every child to go to school. It is necessary that the schools must be conducted in peaceful environment free of any fear, violence, terror etc. School as a Zone of Peace campaign is a program to make responsible all authorities for creating enabling environment for students in school. The program was started by Social Organization District Coordination Committee Parsa in 2010 with support from UNICEF Nepal, World Education in 10 schools. In 2014 the program was implemented in 89 Schools. Later in 2016, 20 more schools added to the program and in total the program is implemented 119 schools where Code of Conduct for teachers and students prepared by one orientation to the stakeholders. Also in the orientation Child Protection Committee was also formed and the program is being conducted with support from the committee. The schools were selected in coordination with district education office, educationalists etc on the basis of most affected schools from conflict, violence. Two days orientation to SMC, PTA, Parents, child club representative, School code of conduct preparation, Media mobilization, review meeting etc was conducted under School as a Zone of Peace campaigns.
Parsa district during 2011, not a single VDCs have developed Profile or maintain any sort of statistics and data of their work due to which, it was a bottleneck during planning process. Thus, SODCC Parsa have supported 69 VDCs of Parsa district and developed Village Profile in the support of VDCs and handed over the documents to respective VDCs and DDC.